Structure Evaluation Engineers, Inc.
(SEE) was retained to assess existing condition of
four historic concrete statues on the John Pershing Memorial Bridge over the Fox
The four decorative architectural concrete statues
(two at each end, in a mirror image) were built to
commemorate the veterans of World War I. The statues were designed by Emory P. Seidel and
dedicated in November 11, 1931. Each statue shows a female figure in a kneeled praying
position with her eyes closed and her head bowed slightly. One hand rests on the tombstone in
front of her holding a wreath and the other hand rests on her lap holding a helmet. The folds
of her robe hangs down the supporting concrete piers, incorporating the statutes into the
overall concrete structure of the bridge. The statues are made of concrete with exposed
aggregate which are approximately 10 feet 6 inches tall.
After a thorough
assessment SEE determined that the cause of deterioration of concrete
statues was related to alkali-silica reactivity and freeze-thaw action. Although the historic
statues were repaired locally by concrete patching to restore them, but the cause of deterioration
was not addressed. To assure longevity of the statues the underlying cause of deterioration must be
addressed. Considering the guidelines of the
Secretary of the Interior’s Standard for the Treatment of Historic Properties.
SEE determined that the "Standards for Rehabilitation" is the most
appropriate approach for restoring the statues and pylons and recommended four different
restoration options with estimated construction costs.